Even the development of technologies and household chemicals with an assortment of detergents does not prevent our society from being infected with pests. The main reason is dirty hands.
There are types of worms which are not harmful to humans, and they can be eliminated from the body without much difficulty. However, parasitologists also know which ones kill their prey.
What worms can live in us?
Helminths can become established in both animal and human body. They are not in vain called parasites, because they feed on the resources of the body which they have infected. And worms not only harm by eating the food we are entitled to, but they also disrupt the normal functioning of the liver, heart, lungs, and other organs. There are known cases of their penetration into the hearing aid, eyes and brain.
Those who more often than others present themselves as uninvited “guests” were divided by experts into three groups. These types of parasites have become champions in terms of the number of infections, since more than 70% of recorded infections belong to them.
Here is a brief description:
- roundwormscombine pinworms, roundworms and so-called canine roundworms (another name is toxocara).
- The simplest parasites.These include lamblia, amoeba, toxoplasmosis, and malaria plasmodia.
- Flatworms.This class includes echinococcus, here and there broad tapeworm (diphyllobothriasis) and bovine tapeworm.
Any of the 150 types of parasitic creatures can cause helminthiasis (helminthiasis). Scientists have discovered many more, 12, 000 species of helminths are known to science. Consider in more detail what worms live in the human body.
The most common types are:
- pinworms.Very small white grubs that live and reproduce in the digestive tract of their prey. Especially, this type of worms adversely affects the fact that it violates the microflora of the intestinal tract. This negative effect becomes the cause of further diseases of the genitourinary system, enterobiosis, disorders of the nervous system, retardation of physical growth and mental development. Dirty hands, unwashed food, and pets are considered the main route of human infection.
- Ascaris.These worms, developing in the human body, sometimes reach 0. 4 meters in length. Ascaris is able to move to the lung area from its permanent habitat, the intestinal tract. During the journey, the worm damages the tissues, resulting in hemorrhage. When the larvae are coughed up from the upper respiratory tract, they enter the oral cavity and are swallowed in the digestive system. An external observer confuses a cough of this type with a cold. They also adversely affect the fact that they poison the microflora of the intestinal tract with toxins. In turn, they feed on nutrients that are intended for us. Poisoning the body leads to allergies, as well as asthma attacks and suffocation. Dirty hands are the Ascaris' preferred form of transportation when transitioning to a new body.
- Vlasoglav.He gets a well-deserved third place in the number of infections. This worm enters the body of a new victim through poorly processed foods. It causes the disease trichocephalosis. The patient loses his appetite, complains of abdominal pain, anemia and diarrhea. External manifestations of the disease may not immediately be distinguished from an attack of appendicitis.
- Wide RibbonIn a way, this worm claims to be the champion in length, since it reaches 10 meters and sometimes even more. But there are parasites and more genuine. It settles through the consumption of freshwater fish. The worm sucks from the "owner" everything that should have strengthened and nourished the person himself. It is not selective in organ damage and is capable of harming anyone. Signs of an infestation with this worm are headaches and hallucinations (if it enters the brain), nausea and vomiting. Its actions and partly its appearance are similar to tapeworms of pork and cattle, but they are longer than this worm.
- hookwormsdo not enter food or the mouth. Their path is different, because they infect us through the skin. Living in contaminated soil, they seem to wait for contact with people. Their harm is that hookworms damage the intestines and lungs, and also feed on blood. The symptoms are associated with abdominal pain and problems with the esophagus.
- Trichinella.Worm infestation occurs when eating meat (especially game). Their presence in the body gives such external manifestations:
- abdominal pain;
- high fever (after two weeks of stay);
- intestinal disorders;
Important.Worms of this type damage muscle tissue in a person's limbs and face, damage the respiratory system and even the heart, which is fatal.
Sometimes people recklessly treat helminthic invasion as unpleasant, but fairly easily tolerated. As a result, their beliefs do not encourage them to be extremely careful when coming into contact with any type of dirt, improperly processed food, or in contact with pets.
Such criminal negligence has its unfortunate fruits. Worms are able to kill their prey, apart from pain and organ damage. The most dangerous are the helminths which feed on the blood and nutrients inside a person.
The differences between parasitic worms lie in the degree of harm caused and the method of their entry into the body of the new "host". Echinococci are known to form cysts, bovine tapeworm harms the intestines, opisthorchi routinely eat the liver. Every day she does not count a certain number of cells.
Protozoan parasites multiply very quickly when the right conditions are met. Giardia appears to be in hiding for a while, and there is no manifestation. The toxoplasms hit a person in the head, affecting their brain, which affects the behavior of the victim.
Plasmodium malaria kills blood cells and can kill the victim.
Consequences of infection:
- development of malignant tumors;
- immunity weakens; The metabolism of
- is affected.
Most helminths live in the intestinal tract, liver, and lungs. Isolated cases indicate damage to muscle tissue, joints, eyes and brain. Thanks to the blood flow, the parasites can migrate throughout the body, creating problems wherever they appear.
Symptoms of the presence of parasites
The manifestations of helminthic invasion are very different from each other. But they also have common symptoms:
- muscle pain that weakens and swells;
- the joints ache, although they were not injured;
- the size of the liver and spleen increases;
- high temperature.
You can add:
- itching near the anus, pain in the abdomen, abnormalities in the gastrointestinal tract, constipation, vomiting, diarrhea and intestinal distension, maybe even obstruction, a person becomes weak and complains of'anemia;
- Poisoning with parasitic secretions interferes with the functioning of the nervous system, causing headache, dizziness and nausea. Since the parasites eat substances intended to strengthen a person, the body constantly weakens and falls asleep, fatigue for no reason, disturbed sleep, and even serious mental work is difficult;
- itching and allergies, hives, brittle hair and nails, signs of bronchial asthma, rhinitis and dry cough;
- weakened immunity gives access to various types of infections, inflammation of the mouth and nose causes stomatitis, sinusitis and sinusitis;
- Women develop inflammation of the appendages and a fishy-smelling discharge (bacterial vaginosis).
Worms sometimes lead the body of an infected person to such a condition that a healthy and full life, even after their elimination, is no longer possible. Therefore, after finding out any of the symptoms, you need to urgently consult a doctor.
Photos of worms that can live in you
Worms of different types, sizes and shapes can settle in the human body. They use any method of migration to live at someone else's expense. It is believed that 4/5 of the population of our planet has a helminthic invasion and carries various parasites within themselves. A person may not even guess that he is not the only one to eat food, but also a "tenant" in the intestines.
Symptoms of their presence are not immediately and not at all pronounced. And a long stay of worms will bring the body to chronic diseases. It is believed that many diseases begin with worms. Before starting treatment, you must first know your inner enemy, so as not to fight blindly.
The worms that inhabit a person are divided into types:
Even looking at a photo of a parasite is not a very pleasant experience, but it is much worse to carry it on your own. It seems to people that someone may have an invasion, but it won't affect me. What a shock it is when they discover that a monster has come to settle in their own body!
Thanks to these materials, intelligent people are better equipped to protect themselves and their loved ones. But no one and nothing should do himself in the destruction of unwanted "guests".
If the parasites are different, the treatment is not always the same. Do not give the same pill for lice and roundworm, there are significant differences in the way of life, the place of installation and the method of infection. First of all, they find out the type of helminth, the direction of its harmful activity, and only then the doctor selects a drug, taking into account the age and other health characteristics ofeach patient.
So, having received a sufficient amount of information about the types of worms, symptoms, degree of damage, the reader can be diagnosed and pass the appropriate tests, which will be prescribed by a parasitologist. Not all worms are equally dangerous, but any one of their types poisons the body with its wastes, and each of them feeds on something of our own: food or bodily tissue.
For your information.The term "parasite" comes from the Greek word for parasite. Two or more organisms live side by side, but one “sits on the neck” of the other, feeding and reproducing at someone else's expense. The digestive system can contain both multicellular helminths and protozoa. Tapeworms, roundworms, and pinworms are quite common. They have a relatively complex body structure.
The vast majority of helminths have a negative effect on general well-being and human health, causing the development of very serious diseases. Keeping this in mind, when the first signs of discomfort appear that do not pass during the treatment of a cold or rash with headache, it is worth contacting a doctor for an appointment for a diagnosis. .
Doctors today have enough high-precision methods and technology to confirm or deny suspicion of infection with parasitic worms. If helminths are detected, only a specialist can choose the most optimal treatment.
How to prevent helminthic invasion? Do you need to constantly limit yourself to one or the other rest, literally "squeezing" your life in the grip of complex postulates?
In fact, intestinal parasite infestation and subsequent treatment can be avoided by following very simple rules:
- wash hands only with soap;
- drink filtered water;
- not only wash fruits and vegetables with water, but it is even better to sprinkle them with boiling water;
- avoid swimming in polluted bodies of water;
- meat and fish products must undergo compulsory heat treatment;
- children's toys used outdoors are disinfected;
- Vaccinate pets against parasites.
But everyone should start with themselves, because all modern achievements mean nothing if you simply neglect personal hygiene and preventive measures for family members who live in our house. Paying attention to your health, detecting in time (if an infection has occurred), competently and promptly begin treatment - all this will help prevent a great personal disaster and the spread of disease in your environment.
It is much easier to prevent parasitic worms than it is to suffer from deteriorating health, all kinds of disorders and fever, and you still have to follow the rules. This is not only a course in hygiene, but treatment, diet and restoration of immunity. And that's good if you do without operations. Take care of yourself, it's easier.